Building Java Programs

Lab: Collections

Except where otherwise noted, the contents of this document are Copyright 2019 Stuart Reges and Marty Stepp.

Lab goals

Goals for this problem set:

Exercise : stutter practice-it

Write a method called stutter that accepts a List of integers as its parameter and doubles the size of the list by replacing every integer in the list with two of that integer. For example, if a list named nums stores [1, 8, 19, 4, 17], the call of stutter(nums); should modify it to store [1, 1, 8, 8, 19, 19, 4, 4, 17, 17].

Exercise : removeInRange practice-it

Write a method removeInRange that accepts four parameters: a List of integers, an element value, a starting index, and an ending index. The method's behavior is to remove all occurrences of the given element that appear in the list between the starting index (inclusive) and the ending index (exclusive). Other values and occurrences of the given value that appear outside the given index range are not affected.

For example, for the "before" list below, a call of removeInRange(list, 0, 5, 13); should produce the "after" list shown. Notice that the zeros located at indices between 5 inclusive and 13 exclusive in the original list (before any modifications were made) have been removed.

before: [0, 0, 2, 0, 4, 0, 6,  0,  8, 0, 10, 0, 12, 0, 14, 0, 16]
after : [0, 0, 2, 0, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 0, 14, 0, 16]

Exercise : setMystery

What elements are contained in the following set after this code executes?

Set<Integer> set = new TreeSet<Integer>();
set.add(999);     // [9, 12, 32, 999]

Exercise : hasOdd practice-it

Write a method hasOdd that takes a Set of integers as a parameter and that returns true if the set contains at least one odd integer, or false otherwise. For example, if the set is [14, 6, 37, 2, 19, 8], return true.

Exercise : removeEvens practice-it

Write a method removeEvens that takes a Set of integers as a parameter and that removes the even values from the set, returning those values as a new set. The new set should be ordered in increasing numerical order. For example, if a set s1 contains these values:

[0, 17, 16, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14]

and we make the following call:

Set<Integer> s2 = removeEvens(s1);

Then after the call, s1 and s2 would contain the following values:

s1: [17, 7, 13]
s2: [0, 10, 12, 14, 16]

Exercise : mapMystery practice-it

Write the set returned when passing each Map to the following method:

public static Set<String> mystery(Map<String, String> data) {
    Set<String> result = new TreeSet<String>();
    for (String s : data.keySet()) {
    return result;
{baz=c, mumble=d, foo=a, bar=b}                // [a, b, c, d]
{f=z, d=x, e=y, b=y, c=z, a=x}                 // [x, y, z]
{f=2, g=10, d=20, e=1, b=10, c=2, a=1, h=20}   // [1, 10, 2, 20]

Exercise : mapMystery2 practice-it

Write the output produced when passing each Map to the following method:

public static void mapMystery2(Map<String, String> m) {
    Set<String> s = new TreeSet<String>();
    for (String key : m.keySet()) {
        if (!m.get(key).equals(key)) {
        } else {
{sheep=wool, house=brick, cast=plaster, wool=wool}                        // [brick, plaster]
{munchkin=blue, winkie=yellow, corn=yellow, grass=green, emerald=green}   // [blue, green, yellow]
{pumpkin=peach, corn=apple, apple=apple, pie=fruit, peach=peach}          // [fruit]
{lab=ipl, lion=cat, terrier=dog, cat=cat, platypus=animal, nyan=cat}      // [animal, cat, dog, ipl]

Exercise : counts practice-it

Write a method counts that accepts a List of integers and a Set of integers as parameters, and returns a map from each value in the set to the number of occurrences of that value in the list. For example, if your method is passed the following list and set as parameters:

list: [4, -2, 3, 9, 4, 17, 5, 29, 14, 87, 4, -2, 100]
set:  [-2, 4, 29]   

Then your method should return the map {-2=2, 4=3, 29=1}, because there aretwo occurrences of -2, three occurrences of 4, and one occurrence of 29.

Exercise : split practice-it

Write a method called split that takes a set of strings as a parameter and that returns the result of splitting the strings into different sets based on the length of the strings. In particular, your method should return a map whose keys are integers and whose values are sets of strings of that length. For example, if a variable called words contains the following set of strings:

[to, be, or, not, that, is, the, question]

Then your method should return the map {2=[be, is, or, to], 3=[not, the], 4=[that], 8=[question]}.