Building Java Programs

Lab: While Loops

Except where otherwise noted, the contents of this document are Copyright 2019 Stuart Reges and Marty Stepp.

lab document created by Marty Stepp, Stuart Reges and Whitaker Brand

Lab goals

Goals for this problem set:

while Loops

A while loop repeats indefinitely until a given condition is met.

while (test) {
    statement(s);
}

Example:

int num = 1;
while (num < 5) {
    System.out.print(n + " ");     // output: 1 2 3 4
    n++;
}

Exercise : while loop basics

Consider the following loop.

int x = 1;
System.out.print(x);
while (x < 100) {
    x = x + x;
    System.out.print(", " + x);
}
How many times does the code in the while loop execute? 7
What output is produced by the overall code? 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128

Exercise : while loop mystery practice-it

Fill in the boxes at right with the output produced by each method call.

public static void mystery(int x) {
    int y = 1;
    int z = 0;
    while (2 * y <= x) {
        y = y * 2;
        z++;
    }
    System.out.println(y + " " + z);
}
mystery(1);
1 0
mystery(6);
4 2
mystery(19);
16 4
mystery(39);
32 5
mystery(74);
64 6

Exercise : while loop mystery practice-it

Fill in the boxes at right with the output produced by each method call.

public static void mystery2(int x, int y) {
    int z = 0;
    while (x % y != 0) {
        x = x / y;
        z++;
        System.out.print(x + ", ");
    }

    System.out.println(z);
}
mystery2(25, 2);
12, 1
mystery2(32, 4);
0
mystery2(10345, 10);
1034, 103, 10, 3
mystery2(63, 2);
31, 15, 7, 3, 1, 0, 6

Exercise : while loop mystery practice-it

Fill in the boxes at right with the output produced by each method call.

public static void mystery3(int x) {
    int y = 0;
    while (x % 2 == 0) {
        y++;
        x = x / 2;
    }
    System.out.println(x + " " + y);
}
mystery3(19);
19 0
mystery3(42);
21 1
mystery3(48);
3 4
mystery3(40);
5 3
mystery3(64);
1 6

Exercise : while loop mystery practice-it

Fill in the boxes at right with the output produced by each method call.

public static void mystery4(int n) {
    int x = 1;
    int y = 2;
    while (y < n) {
        if (n % y == 0) {
            n = n / y;
            x++;
        } else {
            y++;
        }
    }
    System.out.println(x + " " + n);
}
mystery4(2);
1 2
mystery4(5);
1 5
mystery4(24);
4 3
mystery4(28);
3 7

Exercise : digitSum practice-it

Exercise : ProcessName2 practice-it

Modify your previous ProcessName program so that it re-prompts until the user types a name that is at least 5 letters total in length and has at least one space in it. Example:

Type your name: Joe
Error, must be at least 5 chars with a space.
Type your name: O K!
Error, must be at least 5 chars with a space.
Type your name: what
Error, must be at least 5 chars with a space.
Type your name: Tyler Durden
Your name is: Durden, T.

Fencepost Loops

A fencepost loop is a common algorithmic pattern where you want to perform N tasks with N-1 things between them. It's like a fence with N posts with N-1 wires between the posts.

To achieve this, place one "post" outside your loop, then alternate between "wires" and "posts" inside the loop.

Example:

System.out.print(1);                 // |==|==|==|==| fence
for (int i = 2; i <= 5; i++) {
    System.out.print(".." + i);      // 1..2..3..4..5
}

Exercise : printLetters practice-it

Exercise : printFactors practice-it